Blood disorders are generally marked by overproduction or proliferation of either one or more of the primary three types of blood cells – red, white or platelets. Red blood cells transmit oxygen towards the body, while white blood cells combat infection. Platelets are responsible for blood clotting as a reaction to injury. Uncontrolled cell development often leads to cancer and some tumors leads to more production of red blood cells. One such blood disorder Polycythemia also results from an overproduction of red blood cells. Such overproduction causes blood thickening and its clumping and formation of a clot. Luckily, the phytocannabinoid CBD has blood thinning properties which curbs the clotting of blood and helps in treating polycythemia.
What The Blood Disorder Polycythemia Is All About
Polycythemia means an elevated volume of red blood cells and occurs because of an abnormal generation of red cell within the bone marrow. People suffering from polycythemia have a high level of hemoglobin, hematocrit or an increased count in red blood cell beyond the normal range.
Normally, polycythemia is reported on the basis of increased hematocrit or hemoglobin concentration. Hematocrit represents the ratio of the volume of RBC to the total blood volume. Hemoglobin is the red protein molecule present inside red blood cells that transmits oxygen from the lungs towards the tissue and sends carbon dioxide from the tissues back towards the lungs. Polycythemia originates when the hematocrit is higher than 48% in females and 52% in males. Likewise, a hemoglobin level higher than 16.5g/dL in female and above 18.5g/dL in men indicates Polycythemia.
Causes Behind Polycythemia
The factors leading to polycythemia are primary or secondary. In primary causes of polycythemia deformities in the production of red blood cells results in an augmentation of red cell count. The causes behind secondary polycythemia result from factors exterior to red blood cell generation such as sleep apnea, particular tumors, deprivation of oxygen to the brain or hypoxia.
Symptoms Linked With Polycythemia
There can be none to very few symptoms associated with polycythemia and certain general and not particular symptoms can be found in polycythemia. Some of them include :
- Weakness and exhaustion
- Severe Itching
- Headache or dizziness
- Joint pain
- Abdominal pain
- Sleep disturbance or sleep apnea
In patients affected by polycythemia vera which is chronic blood cancer and a progressive ailment, various blood disorders are quite common. Therefore, bleeding problems, clotting, and post-bath pruritus or itching are also found in patients for unknown reasons. Besides, joint pains and soft redness in the palms and sores known as erythromelalgia.
Moreover, signs of secondary polycythemia may be linked closely with the underlying condition like chronic lung ailment instead of polycythemia. Hence, shortness of breath, sleep apnea, chronic cough, low tolerance of exercise, dizziness or tiredness can be normal in patients afflicted with polycythemia.
If polycythemia is associated with kidney or liver cancer or various tumors secreting erythropoietin (EPO) which is a hormone generated by the kidney and promotes red blood cell formation by the bone marrow, symptoms like loss of weight, abdominal bloating or pain, or jaundice can be prevalent.
CBD Helps In Managing The Symptoms Of Polycythemia
The plant molecule CBD has its slew of medicinal benefits as it is a powerful analgesic and anti-inflammatory, non-proliferative and anxiolytic agent which makes it provide symptomatic relief in polycythemia. CBD can help in treating this blood disorder by:
Working As A Blood Thinner
CBD can increase the anticoagulant effect of blood thinner and acts as a natural blood thinner. This makes it a viable alternative to anticoagulant medications. This can help in reducing the blood thickening and clots formed in polycythemia due to overproduction of RBCs.
CBD by binding to the receptors of the endocannabinoid system which performs biological functions and helps in maintaining homeostasis in which all the body system function collectively to keep you operating at the optimum potential. In this way, CBD can assist in providing analgesic relief to a patient affected by chronic pain or soothes over-excited electrical functions within the brain if there is a seizure. Likewise, it can also impact your blood cells at the cellular level, which makes it a useful option for blood thinners. As CBD contains anticoagulant properties it augments the anticoagulant effects of blood thinners and curbs the metabolic effects of such drugs and dislodges it from the protein binding sites.
Manages Effectively The Symptoms Of Polycythemia
An increase in RBC (red blood cells) can also be caused by heart failure which results in low levels of blood oxygen or hypoxia. Researches have supported that chronic CBD users have shown a higher level of blood flow in the cerebrum and extract higher oxygen from the circulation of blood in the brain compared to non-users. Besides, the rate of oxygen metabolization in the brain was higher in CBD users. This relaxes blood vessels and can alter blood flow which is useful in treating hypoxia and heart failure due to low levels of blood oxygen.
Moreover, CBD also promotes cardiovascular wells which comprise the heart, lungs and blood vessels which performs the critical function of transporting hormones, nutrients, and oxygen to cells through the bloodstream. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidative impact of the cannabinoid CBD acts as the key to its curative action upon the cardiovascular system. This helps in treating the secondary symptoms of polycythemia as CBD also induces vasorelaxation and lowers the tension in the walls of the blood vessels.
Conclusion On CBD For Polycythemia
The inherent medicinal properties of CBD can effectively manage the symptoms of polycythemia such as joint inflammation or gout, abdominal pain or open sores within the stomach lining. These symptoms are the results of an increase in red blood cells and the plant compound can alleviate these symptoms to provide relief in blood disorders and anemia such as polycythemia.